pseudonym: Linné the planter
BORN: November 7, 1870
PLACE: Temesvár, Austria-Hungary
DECEASED: July 22, 1930 in Sinaia, Kingdom of Romania
OCCUPATION Landscape architect, canna and rose grower, imperial councillor and author
Árpád Mühle was the son of landscape architect Wilhelm Mühle and after attending the Piarist high school, he undertook a number of study trips to Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands and the USA. In 1898 he took over his father’s horticultural business, which he modernized. He led, for example, heating in the greenhouses of his father’s business one, which allowed the export of plants and cut flowers in the cold season.
- Mühle was a supplier to the Serbian and Bulgarian Royal families.
- In Bucharest he participated in the design of the Cişmigiu Park.
- In Sinaia he planned the city park of Peleş Castle.
- He designed the Japanese garden in the Bulgarian capital Sofia.
- Built a park on Prinkipo Island in the Marmara Sea off Istanbul. The Sultan awarded him the Medjidie order for this.
- Based on his statistics on the export of agricultural and horticultural products, he was awarded the title of a Austro-Hungarian commercial council in 1912.
- As a co-founder of the Rose Friends Association, he designed and designed the rose garden in Timișoara.
- The Romanian state later awarded him the medal “Order of Merit for Trade and Industry”.
Mühle’s attention was focused on roses and canna, but also exotic plants and their acclimatization in the Banat. He bred the canna variety Canna ‘Margarethe Mühle’, amongst many others, and he also registered 13 new rose varieties.
Árpád Mühle published articles in the Temesvarer newspaper under the pseudonym “Linné the planter”. His “Gartenbauanzeiger” was published twice a week and was offered to its customers free of charge.
In book form, he published several books and rose catalogues, but of most interest to the canna community was his seminal work Das Geschlecht der Canna. Deren Geschichte, Cultur und Anzucht. This work was published in 1909,and no further book devoted to Canna was published until Ian Cooke’s The Gardener’s Guide to Growing Cannas in 2001. As a result Mühle’s book was the mainstay for canna research for over 90 years, and much of what we know nowadays about canna is derived from that work.
On August 1, 2014, the bust of Árpád Mühle was ceremoniously unveiled in the rose garden in Timișoara. It stands not far from the bust of his father Wilhelm Mühle.